Timeline of the Shroud
33 A.D. - Peter and John discover burial cloths in an empty tomb
33 - Thaddeus/Addai travels from Jerusalem to Edessa with a cloth with Jesus imprint on it. “The Cloth of Edessa” Is presented to King Abgar
50 - Abgar of Edessa dies. His son persecutes Christians, Shroud is hidden
60 - Paul writes in Galations 3:1 to the city “before whose eyes Christ was publically portrayed as crucified”
325 – Constantine’s council of Nicea
330 A.D. - Eusebius writes Ecclesiastical History with story of King Abgar writing to Jesus
476 - Fall of the Roman Empire. Start of the dark/middle ages.
481 - Clovis becomes King of the Franks.
544 - Edessa Cloth (Shroud) discovered in the walls of Edessa
570 - Muhammad is born.
600 – The Acts of Thaddeus describes a cloth, “doubled in four” that Jesus wiped His face on
630 - Arabs seize Edessa
732 - Battle of Tours. Franks turn back Islam from Europe
800 – Charlemagne is crowned - father of French and German monarchies.
835 - Vikings invade northern Europe, continuing until 1042.
896 - Alfred the Great of England, turns back the Vikings.
944 - Byzantine army led by John Kourkouas takes the Image Made Without Hands (Mandylion - Shroud) to Constantinople
1066 - William of Normandy conquers England
1096 – The Crusades begin, continuing over the next 200 years
1192 – Hungarian Pray Manuscript is published (prayer booklet) showing a drawing of the burial cloth of Jesus with herring bone weave and “L” shaped holes
1189 - Richard I the Lionheart becomes King of England
1203 – Robert DiClari journals his sighting of the Shroud on Friday nights in the Church of St. Mary of Blacharnae
1204 – French army of the 4 th Crusade sacks Constantinople and steals the Shroud, taking it to France
1206 - Mongol Empire founded by Genghis Khan
1215 - King John of England signs the Magna Carta giving people rights
1260 – Beginning Carbon Date of Shroud
1271 - Marco Polo leaves to explore Asia.
1337 - Hundred Years War between England and France
1347 - Black Death begins in Europe killing half of Europe.
1357 – Shroud presented to public in Lirey, France
1390 – Ending Carbon Date of Shroud
1431 - Jon of Arc executed
1444 – Invention of Gutenberg printing press. Beginning of Renaissance.
1453 – Ottoman Empire captures Constantinople, end of Byzantium
1482 - Da Vinci paints “The Last Supper”
1482 – Columbus Sails
1532 – The Shroud is damaged in a fire in the church at Chambrey, France
1578 – The Shroud is taken to Turin, Italy
1776 – Declaration of Independence
1898 - Secondo Pia photographs Shroud and discovers negative image
1978 – STURP spends 1 week of hands on testing of the Shroud
1988 – Shroud C14 dates announced… 1260-1390. The world dismisses the shroud as a fake
1997 – The Shroud survives yet another fire in the church
2013 – Guilio Fanti publishes tests results dating shroud to time of Jesus