1. Where did they find the Shroud?
Peter and John found it in the empty tomb as recorded in John 20. Certainly the disciples would not have left the linens and the face cloth in the tomb! Hints of who had it may be found in the Bible at Galatians 3:1 and II Timothy 4:13.
Then, Edessa, Turkey:
Ecclesiastical History tells of King Abgar of Edessa, (now known as Sanliurfa, Turkey), writing to Jesus and asking him to come heal him. Jesus responded by saying that He would send a disciple to heal him. Thaddeus (also known as Addai) was sent to Agbar and he was healed. The area became one of the centers of Christianity. Legend tells of Thaddeus presenting a cloth with a face on it, which may have been the Shroud folded 3 times.
In 944, a Byzantine army surrounded Edessa and demanded the city bring out the “Image Made Without Hands”. That which was known as the “Mandylion” was brought out and taken to Constantinople. A variety of documents confirm this.
In 1203, a French knight of the 3rd Crusade wrote in his journal that he attended a service at the Church of St. Mary’s of Blachernae (in Constantinople)… “where they raised the burial cloth of Jesus every Friday night in their services”. One year later (1204) the entire French army of the 4th Crusade came and sacked Constantinople, taking all the religious relics back to Lirey, France. The Shroud surfaced in the House of Savoy.
Finally Turin, Italy:
In 1578, the Shroud was taken to Turin, Italy. The Savoy family estate left it as property of the Vatican. The Shroud is still there to this day.
2. Isn’t the Shroud a Catholic relic?
No. Jesus died for the sins of the entire world. Although in possession of the Catholics, the Shroud is an heirloom for all believers to appreciate. The evidence bears out the Shroud’s authenticity and biblical accuracy.
3. Does Shroud Inquiry worship the cloth?
No. We view the Shroud as an authentic heirloom left by the Lord as a reminder of his suffering, death and resurrection. We worship Jesus, who is alive and seated at the right hand of the Father in heaven. We advocate talking (praying) directly to Jesus, who hears us!
4. Didn’t the Carbon Dating disprove the Shroud in 1988?
No. The data may have picked up a cotton reweave that was woven onto the Shroud while in France. The British museum botched the tests by not following their own protocol. A good resource to understand the Carbon Dating issues is the movie “La Notte Della Sindone” (Night of the Shroud). STURP’s organic chemist Ray Rogers verified the existence of a cotton repair in the area the samples were taken from. Unfortunately, the media’s report led the world to conclude the Shroud was a mideavil work of art… even though the STURP scientists determined there is no paint on the cloth. Giulio Fanti’s scientific testing, published in 2013, dates the Shroud from 280 B.C. to 220 A.D..
5. Aren’t the fingers on the Shroud too long to be anatomically accurate?
What some people interpret as the fingers, are actually x-ray type images of bones under the skin on the back of the hand. This “x-ray” phenomena is also seen on the mouth, where it appears you can see the entire set of teeth and the roots of those teeth.
6. Could the Shroud be formed by Camera Obscura? Perhaps the work of Leonardo DiVinci?
No. STURP scientists determined the shadowy figure doesn’t penetrate the blood on the cloth… meaning the blood stains were present BEFORE the shadow. The Shroud’s documented history pre-dates the birth of DiVinci. To be a work of art or camera obscura, the forger would have had to put down the real human blood (type AB) first… then create an anatomically correct shadow of a person, both front and back. They would also have to sprinkle 58 types of pollen unique to the middle east and Jerusalem, and limestone specific to Jerusalem on the cloth.
7. How tall was Jesus?
5 feet 10 inches to 5 feet 11 inches, per STURP scientists.
8. The DNA tests showed Jesus’ mother had ancestry of what people? Where did that group live?
Druze. The areas of Egypt, northern Israel, and southern Lebanon.