The SHROUD OF TURIN

  • Visible Observations:
    • The Shroud is 14 feet 4 inches, by 41 inches. (2 by 8 Hebrew Cubits)
    • Made of linen with a 3-over-1 herringbone weave
    •  Scorches from a 1532 fire, and water stains revealing fold lines
    • Shadowy negative image of a man 5’10” - 5’11” tall, (front and back).
    • Human blood which interupts the shadowy image (blood type AB)
    • Blood stains on front and back of the head consistent with thorn injuries
    • Blood stain whip marks matching the shape of a Roman flagrum (whip)
    • Blood stains on the wrist and feet consistent with crucifixion
    • Blood stain on 5th rib matching the shape of the Roman lancia.
    • Four “L” shaped holes

 

  • Invisible and Forensic Information:
    • Pollen from 58+ plants, specific to Jerusalem, Israel and the Middle East.
      • The pollen found near the head is from a thorn plant.
    • Limestone on the feet  unique to Jerusalem.
    • The negative image reveals X-Ray images of bones and teeth.
    • Thumbs are not visible. Nails hitting the median nerve drew them inward.
    • 3-D information recreates “The Real Face of Jesus” (The History Channel)

 

  • In History -
    • 33AD  In the Bible, (John 20:3-9) “linen” wrappings found in Jesus’ tomb
    • The Shroud has also been known by the following names… the Holy Linens, Image of Edessa, Image Made Without Hands, Mandylion
    • 34   Disciple Thadeus presents the Shroud to King Abgar of Edessa,Turkey
    • 593  Evagrius Scholasticus writes the “image not made by human hands” which had been given to King Abgar, was used to repel the Persion army of King Chosroes I when he attacked Edessa (Sanliurfa, Turkey)
    • 944  John Kourkouas’ Byzantine army moves the Shroud/Mandylion from Edessa to Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)
    • 1203  French knight Robert De Clari records seeing the burial cloth of Jesus raised up every Friday in the church at Constantinople (Istanbul)
    • 1204  The French 4th Crusade sacks Constantinople, moving it to France.
    • 1355  The cloth became known as “the Shroud”, and was shown at royal weddings, public exhibitions, and during the black plague.  It was on display before Leonardo Divinci’s birth, the invention of the Guttenburg press, and Columbus’ discovery of America.

 

  • In Literature -
    • At least 18 documents between 34 A.D. and 1250 A.D. discuss the Shroud.
    • Galatians 3:1 "Before whose eyes Jesus was publicly portrayed as crucified."

 

  • In Science:
    • 1898  Secondo Pia photographed the shroud, discovering the negatives revealed a positive image.
    • 1978 The Vatican allowed 30 scientists led by Dr. John Jackson to conduct hands-on tests with the Shroud.  The project was known as “STURP”.
    • 2013  Giulio Fanti, Professor of Mechanical and Thermal Measurement at University of Padua, in Italy, publishes findings that the Shroud dates to 33 B.C., just before the time of Jesus.   Fanti’s research used three dating tests, two chemical and one mechanical.  The first two were carried out with an FT-IR system using infra-red light, and the other using Raman spectroscopy.  The third was a multi-parametric mechanical test based on five mechanical parameters.
    • In 2017 DNA tests reveal mitochondrial DNA (from the mother) traced to the Druze people of Northern Israel and Egypt. This puts the Shroud in the Middle East. The story of Jesus includes his travel as an infant to Egypt and return to Nazareth, which is twenty miles from the current Druze population near Mount Carmel. Mary may have had family in Egypt, while she certainly had family in Nazareth.
    • Still today, scientists cannot explain how the body image got on the cloth.

 

  • In Art -
    • The 6th century Panticrator painting and many early church icons capture
    • Shroud similarities.  Artists most likely used the Shroud as a template.
    • A 10th century painting depicts the disciple Thadeus presenting a cloth with Jesus’ image to King Abgar of Edessa.
    • In 1192 an artist drew Jesus’ burial cloths with a herring bone weave and four “L” shaped holes.  It was published in the Hungarian Pray Manuscript.

 

  • 1986 Carbon Dating Errors
    • In 1986, laboratories at Zurich, Oxford and the University of Arizona carbon dated the Shroud.  It was announced the Shroud dated from 1260-1390.  The media concluded it was an artistic forgery.  Since then, additional research and review have concluded the C14 tests are unreliable because the samples taken from the Shroud were contaminated by bacteria, soil, and a cotton re-weave.  The movie “La Note De Sindone” exposes the procedural flaws.

 

  • Evidence of the Resurrection
    • The Shroud of Turin once held Jesus, and the body did not rot or decay.  Otherwise the cloth would be saturated with blood, body fluids, mold, maggots and insects (like the 1st century Hinnom valley shroud).

Conclusion:  For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.

But what does it say? "The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart" (that is, the word of faith which we preach): that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.   (John 3:16 and Romans 10:8-10)